An injection involves administering liquid medications, fluids or nutrients into the body tissues beneath your skin. Your doctor can administer an injection into your vein, muscle, skin, or bone. You can encounter injections during vaccinations, immunization, or medical treatment. Injections Atlanta can help relieve pain and inflammation or promote healing or tissue regeneration. Doctors use injections for drugs that need to act quickly or do not absorb perfectly in the digestive system. You can classify injections based on the route or body tissue targeted. The common types of injections include:
Subcutaneous injection (SC)
Subcutaneous injections are administered into the layered fat just under your skin. They can be administered through tiny fine needles and cause minimal discomfort. Subcutaneous tissue has fewer blood cells than muscle tissue, allowing your body to absorb the medicine slowly over a prolonged period. Your doctor can use SC injections to administer insulin for diabetes, blood thinners, measles vaccines, and palliative care pain drugs such as morphine. Doctors mostly deliver through the outer or back of your upper arm, the front and outer side of your upper thigh, and your belly area.
Intramuscular injections (IM)
Intramuscular injections are delivered into your muscle. You can have them in your upper buttock, thigh, or upper arm. Muscles have a good chain of blood vessels, so the drugs are absorbed quickly. Your doctor may use longer needles to reach your muscle. IM injections are more uncomfortable than SC injections. IM injections can help deliver antibiotics like penicillin, hormones, corticosteroids for inflammation or allergic reactions, and most vaccines.
Intravenous injections (IV)
Intravenous injections are given directly into a vein. Doctors usually administer these injections through a cannula to ensure drugs are delivered into a patent vein and avoid leakage into other tissues. IV injections give medication directly into your bloodstream, allowing rapid absorption. Doctors can use IV injections to administer fluid solution to treat dehydration, give local or general anesthesia before surgery, or give blood or blood products.
Intraosseous injections involve a special needle to puncture the bone marrow to access your veins. The bone marrow contains a rich blood supply that connects directly to your circulatory system. Doctors use intraosseous injections for emergencies when IV is impossible. Your doctor can use this type of injection in emergencies like medication overdose, severe injuries from accidents, stroke, cardiac arrest, and childbirth complications.
Injections deliver liquid medicines, fluids, or nutrients directly into your body. Intramuscular, intravenous, subcutaneous, and intraosseous are the common injection forms. Schedule an appointment at Polaris Spine & Neurosurgery Center for injection therapy to relieve your symptoms quickly.